Drawing Techniques – Grids

My first introduction to drawing with a grid came long, long years ago, back when I was barely out of high school. I was not an artist, but I was an avid puzzle fan, and Dell Puzzle magazines almost always included a grid-drawing feature in every issue. Actually, I am still a fan of puzzles — crosswords, acrostics, and other pencil games, including my absolute favorite, cryptograms, but that’s beside the point.

The point here is that I learned about drawing from a grid many years ago, but not being an artist I (a) was not good at completing those grid-drawings, and (b) never considered that a grid could be using for completing drawings on my own. Nope, not at all. It would be more than forty years before I bravely and boldly decided to teach myself how to draw.

As for the puzzle grid, in case you’re not familiar with the feature, they were often referred to as “Mystery Drawings”. To see what the picture was, you had to follow the clues — numbered squares that you were to copy onto the correct location on a grid. Like this:

mystery-grid-drawing_46129

The image here is from Printables – 5 Best Mystery Grid Drawing Worksheets.

I did not fare well with these puzzles, and as often as not, I simply skipped over them. I knew my limitations, and drawing — even with the use of these squares and the grid — was not my strong suit.

Five years ago, as I began learning to draw, I came face to face again with the grid technique, not as a way of solving a mystery picture puzzle, but as a means for accurately drawing from a photo reference. The first time I saw it demonstrated, the artist used the technique to draw a magnificent animal — I believe it was a gorilla — and I shook my head. No way. My experience with those puzzle grids was enough to convince me that I’d never be able to use the system, no matter how practical or easy the instructor made it look.

The CatBut then, as I neared the end of my first online drawing course, I wanted to test myself a bit. That’s when I drew The Cat, and because using a grid was one of the techniques I was supposed to know how to do, I decided to give it a try.

The Cat doesn’t look like much, but it holds a very special place in my heart. As you can see, it actually does look like a cat. Maybe not the best cat ever drawn, but for an old woman who’d been learning for no more than a few months, it looked like a very good cat.

I liked my cat so much and felt so much pride in having drawn it, that I framed it and hung it on the wall. That’s why that glare is there in the photo. The drawing was under glass and that’s the reflection of the camera flash.

At that point, I had to concede that maybe grids could be helpful, and maybe I could actually learn to use them.

So, fast-forward a few years. Most of my drawings are landscapes, and I don’t find the grid method especially helpful for those. In doing portrait drawing or still life drawings, however, I can see the advantage of a grid. Occasionally I will use one.

A good introduction to drawing with a grid comes from The Virtual Instructor. Although the site does offer memberships, this is a free lesson. Here is a link:

How to Draw with a Grid

The grid method typically uses squares. The size of the square can vary depending upon the amount of detail in your reference photo. Most photo-editing programs, by the way, allow you to superimpose a grid over a photograph. You can then print out your photo with the grid, and use it to create an accurate drawing on your page, having a similar grid marked there. After the drawing is complete, any unnecessary pencil lines can then be erased.

But grids of different shapes can also be used. Here is an illustration of a triangular grid:

triangulargridsetup

With these larger areas, you’ll need a bit more drawing skill, perhaps. I can’t speak with any experience here. I’ve never tried using this method.

With a triangular grid like this, measuring/sighting tools can also be used.

PlotPointsGrid

As you can see here, the artist has started at the center point and has marked various “references” to show key features. Those measurements can then be copied onto the drawing page to create a reasonably accurate reproduction.

Using a grid also allows you to enlarge an image or make an image smaller. Crafters have long used grids to copy patterns from books and magazines, enlarging them to the correct size by simply using larger squares. That’s another technique I’ve never been good with. One more reason why I don’t do many crafts.

For me, drawing with a grid will probably never be something I fully embrace, if only because it brings back memories of my failed attempts in the past. And, again, most of my drawings involve landscapes which don’t necessarily lend themselves well to this method.

If you’re working with still life subjects or doing portraits, you might find it useful. It can also be helpful, I think, in architectural drawing.

Now, you might be wondering what that “Mystery Grid” puzzle picture above is. I  haven’t got a clue, and no, I’m not going to print it out and try it. Sure, I’m curious, too, so if anyone decides to complete the grid, please comment and let us all know what that “mystery” picture is!

12 Comments

  1. The “standard” square grid is a wonderful tool for using when a photo/print/sketch needs to be enlarged/reduced. My father was a scenic artist when theatres were in their prime, and I saw him take a pic of an “old master” oil painting (around 10″ x 10″) and reproduced it on a stage set at 60″ x 60″. I have since used the same technique for reproducing B & W photographs as pen and ink drawings of a larger size.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. I wish I were better at using grids for both accuracy and for enlarging. Like anything else, I suppose it’s a matter of practice. If I did it more often, I might get better at it. 🙂 Watching your father work must have been delightful!

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      1. It was fascinating because we (my sister and I) occasionally went to the theatre (our “baby sitter”at times!) and watched him work. He even got us to help him occasionally. I was always surprised at how the scenery looked up close .. in contrast to how it looked from the auditorium!

        Liked by 1 person

  2. I use the grid method quite frequently, mainly for just getting down the proportions right with just some simple lines for ‘clues’ to the rest of the drawing. Setting up the scaffolding is how I think about it.

    I’d say the last time I gridded up with intent was likely for a portrait, or maybe for a car painting.

    For anything with nature, such as leaves, trees, landscapes (which I don’t do that often) then it’s not necessary to be accurate – in fact it’ll probably be a better picture for not being 100% accurate. Most famous landscape artists would’ve moved castles, trees and whole mountains to achieve a more interesting composition.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I agree that the grid system is much more useful for portraits than for landscapes, and I agree, too, about moving mountains and other features in order to have a stronger composition — or as a means of simplifying a landscape. You’re right that landscape drawing and painting doesn’t require the same degree of accuracy as other art forms, and that’s probably why I’m comfortable in that niche. 🙂 It truly gives me a little “breathing room”. 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

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