Art Quiz: The Answer is 1809

Answering this quiz question would have been a lot easier for me if I’d known anything about the Nazarene movement in art. I was not familiar with this part of art history, but I got the right answer with a lucky guess.

Here is a short history of the group from Wikipedia:

In 1809, six students at the Vienna Academy formed an artistic cooperative in Vienna called the Brotherhood of St. Luke or Lukasbund, following a common name for medieval guilds of painters. In 1810 four of them, Johann Friedrich OverbeckFranz PforrLudwig Vogel and Johann Konrad Hottinger moved to Rome, where they occupied the abandoned monastery of San Isidoro. They were joined by Philipp VeitPeter von CorneliusJulius Schnorr von CarolsfeldFriedrich Wilhelm Schadow and a loose grouping of other German-speaking artists. They met up with Austrian romantic landscape artist Joseph Anton Koch (1768–1839) who became an unofficial tutor to the group. In 1827 they were joined by Joseph von Führich (1800–1876).

The principal motivation of the Nazarenes was a reaction against Neoclassicism and the routine art education of the academy system. They hoped to return to art which embodied spiritual values, and sought inspiration in artists of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance, rejecting what they saw as the superficial virtuosity of later art.

In Rome the group lived a semi-monastic existence, as a way of re-creating the nature of the medieval artist’s workshop. Religious subjects dominated their output, and two major commissions allowed them to attempt a revival of the medieval art of fresco painting. Two fresco series were completed in Rome for the Casa Bartholdy (1816–17) (moved to the Alte Nationalgalerie in Berlin) and the Casino Massimo (1817–29), and gained international attention for the work of the “Nazarenes”. However, by 1830 all except Overbeck had returned to Germany and the group had disbanded. Many Nazarenes became influential teachers in German art academies.

The work shown in today’s “featured image” is The Recognition of Joseph by his Brothers painted in 1816-1817 by Peter van Cornelius.

You can find more information about the Nazarenes here:

What Was the Nazarene Art Movement?

A Movement in a Moment

Unwilling Moderns: The Nazarene Painters of the Nineteenth Century

 

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